An open-air Mass for Peace went ahead in Managua on New Year's Day, despite the last minute cancellation of a planned pilgrimage.
Worshippers gathered outside the capital's cathedral for the service, which was led by Cardinal Leopoldo Brenes.
Some waved the Nicaraguan flag, a prohibited symbol of the country's recent uprising.
Anti-government protests were declared illegal by Nicaraguan... Еще President Daniel Ortega in September following five months of often violent clashes in which hundreds of people were killed.
The Catholic Church was prominent in providing sanctuary for protesters since the earliest days of the revolt.